Cumberbatch Family History

Claude Lionel Cumberlege[1, 2, 3]

Male 1877 - 1962  (84 years)


Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Claude Lionel Cumberlege  [4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17
    Born 9 Jun 1877  22 Avenue Road, Hampstead, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5, 6, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20
    Gender Male 
    Baptism 5 Jul 1877  St Stephen the Martyr Church, Hampstead, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Baptism Claude Lionel Cumberlege 5 Jul 1877
    Baptism Claude Lionel Cumberlege 5 Jul 1877
    Media Date: 5 JUL 1877
    Keywords: Picture
    Name Claude Cumberlege  [20
    Name Claude L Cumberledge  [18
    Name Claude L Cumberlege  [19
    Residence 5 Jul 1877  22 Avenue Road, Hampstead, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Residence 3 Apr 1881  51 Finchley New Road, Hampstead, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Age: 3y 
    Residence 5 Apr 1891  55 & 56 High Street, Southover, Lewes, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [18
    Age: 13y 
    Occupation 15 Jan 1897  [7
    Sub-Lieutenant Royal Navy 
    Occupation 30 Jun 1899  [8
    Lieutenant Royal Navy 
    Occupation 31 Mar 1901  Sheerness, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [19
    Lieutenant Royal Navy 
    Residence 31 Mar 1901  HMS Furious, Royal Navy, No 4 Buoy, Sheerness, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [19
    Age: 23y 
    Occupation 28 Dec 1903  Connaught Lodge, Gibraltar Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Freemason, Connaught Lodge, Gibraltar 
    Occupation 28 Dec 1903  [9
    Lieutenant Royal Navy 
    Residence 28 Dec 1903  Gibraltar Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Occupation 29 Nov 1905  93 Ashley Gardens, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [21
    Royal Navy 
    Residence 29 Nov 1905  93 Ashley Gardens, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [21
    Occupation 2 Apr 1911  Sunningdale, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [20
    Lieutenant Royal Navy 
    Residence 2 Apr 1911  Vanbrugh, Sunningdale, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [20
    Age: 33y 
    Occupation 22 Jun 1911  [10
    Commander Royal Navy 
    Occupation 1914  Bita Paka, German New Guinea Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    Commander - Commended for service & mentioned in despatches 
    Occupation 29 Jun 1915  [11
    Captain 
    Occupation 1919  [13
    Captain Royal Navy 
    Occupation 11 Feb 1926  [14
    Awarded Certificate of Service as MASTER of a Foreign-Going Ship 
    • Issued by the Board of Trade
    Claude Lionel Cumberlege Master Certificate
    Claude Lionel Cumberlege Master Certificate
    Media Date: 11 FEB 1926
    Keywords: Picture
    Occupation 7 Aug 1926  [12
    Rear Admiral (Retired) Royal Navy 
    Custom Reference Number 0001687 
    Custom Reference Number 1881124 
    Custom Reference Number 1891119 
    Custom Reference Number 1901162 
    Custom Reference Number 1911172 
    Died 1962  Ratjada, Balearic Islands, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  [16, 17
    Age: 85y 
    Person ID I1687  Cumberbatch
    Last Modified 5 May 2018 

    Father Alexander Bulstrode Cumberlege,   b. 7 May 1831, Arcot, Madras, India Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jan 1911, Steyning Registration District, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Mother Emily Florence Broadwood,   b. Cal 1852, Crawley, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Dec 1937, Worthing Registration District, Worthing, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years) 
    Married 23 Nov 1872  Old Church, Saint Pancras, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [22, 23
    Family ID F829  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Sarah Letitia Crossley Coldwell,   b. 1883,   d. 1931, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years) 
    Children 
     1. Claude Michael Bulstrode Cumberlege, DSO & Bar RD,   b. 26 Oct 1905, 93 Ashley Gardens, Westminster, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Apr 1945, Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, Oranienburg, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years)
     2. Diana Cumberlege,   b. Between Jul 1910 and Sep 1910, St George Hanover Square Registration District, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 26 May 2013 
    Family ID F1908  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Norah Kirby 
    Children 
     1. Living
     2. Living
     3. Living
     4. Living
    Last Modified 26 May 2013 
    Family ID F1909  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 9 Jun 1877 - 22 Avenue Road, Hampstead, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBaptism - 5 Jul 1877 - St Stephen the Martyr Church, Hampstead, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 5 Jul 1877 - 22 Avenue Road, Hampstead, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Age: 3y - 3 Apr 1881 - 51 Finchley New Road, Hampstead, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Age: 13y - 5 Apr 1891 - 55 & 56 High Street, Southover, Lewes, Sussex, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Lieutenant Royal Navy - 31 Mar 1901 - Sheerness, Kent, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Age: 23y - 31 Mar 1901 - HMS Furious, Royal Navy, No 4 Buoy, Sheerness, Kent, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Freemason, Connaught Lodge, Gibraltar - 28 Dec 1903 - Connaught Lodge, Gibraltar Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 28 Dec 1903 - Gibraltar Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Royal Navy - 29 Nov 1905 - 93 Ashley Gardens, Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 29 Nov 1905 - 93 Ashley Gardens, Westminster, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Lieutenant Royal Navy - 2 Apr 1911 - Sunningdale, Surrey, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - Age: 33y - 2 Apr 1911 - Vanbrugh, Sunningdale, Surrey, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsOccupation - Commander - Commended for service & mentioned in despatches - 1914 - Bita Paka, German New Guinea Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Age: 85y - 1962 - Ratjada, Balearic Islands, Spain Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • Admiralty, 11th January, 1916.
      His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to give orders for the appointment of the following Officer to the Distinguished Service Order in recognition of his services, as mentioned, during the operations against the German Possessions in the Western Pacific, 1914:-
      Lieutenant Thomas Arthur Bond, R.A.N.R.

      On 11th September 1914, during the attack upon the Wireless Station, Bita Paka, German New Guinea, Lieutenant Bond displayed conspicuous ability and coolness under fire in leading his men through most difficult country and enforcing the terms of surrender whilst drawing off an enemy attack by another body of the enemy. He showed great daring, when accompanied by only one officer and one man, in suddenly disarming 8 Germans in the presence of 20 German native troops drawn up under arms, all of whom were then marched off and held prisoners. Later he personally captured 5 armed natives.

      The following officers and Men are commended for services in action during the same operations;-
      Commander, now Captain, Claude Lionel Cumberlege, R.N.
      [10]
    • Roll: ROYAL NAVY, ROYAL NAVY VOLUNTEER RESERVE, ROYAL NAVY AIR SERVICE
      Name Rank or Rating No. Medals earned How Issued or disposed of
      CUMBERBATCH, Henry C Midshipman Royal Navy Victory, British War “Dolphin”
      CUMBERBIRCH, Jesse Pilot Flight Officer Royal Navy Air Service Victory, British War Self
      CUMBERLEGE, Claude L Captain Royal Navy 1914-15 Star, Victory & British War Self
      CUMBERLEGE, Marcus V Lieutenant Commander Royal Navy British War Self

      ADM 171/89
      [13]
    • Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. [Service Records]

      Admiralty: Officers' Service Records (Series III). SUB LIEUTENANTS AND LIEUTENANTS SENIORITY DATES PROMOTED FROM CADETS AND MIDSHIPMEN. Summaries of confidential reports: Vol B. Dates are... Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. Rank: Lieutenant. Date of Appointment: 15 January 1891.

      Held by: The National Archives - Admiralty, Navy, Royal Marines, and Coastguard
      Date: 15 January 1891
      Reference: ADM 196/141/554
      Subjects: Armed Forces (General Administration) | Navy
      Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. Rank: Rear Admiral. Date of...

      Admiralty: Officers' Service Records (Series III). COMMANDERS. Summaries of confidential reports: vol 1. Dates are dates of promotion to commander, indexed.... Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. Rank: Commander. Date of Appointment: 15 January 1891.

      Held by: The National Archives - Admiralty, Navy, Royal Marines, and Coastguard
      Date: 15 January 1891
      Reference: ADM 196/125/131
      Subjects: Armed Forces (General Administration) | Navy
      Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. Rank: Lieutenant. Date of Appointment:...

      Admiralty: Officers' Service Records (Series III). Executive Officers' Services. Dates of entry: 1888-1893, Latest date of discharge: 1945. Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. Rank: Rear Admiral. Date of Appointment: 15 January 1891.

      Held by: The National Archives - Admiralty, Navy, Royal Marines, and Coastguard
      Date: 15 January 1891
      Reference: ADM 196/44/297
      Subjects: Armed Forces (General Administration) | Navy
      Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. Rank: Rear-Admiral. Date of Appointment:...

      Admiralty: Officers' Service Records (Series III). Flag officers and captains summaries of confidential reports. Dates are dates of seniority as... Name Cumberlege, Claude Lionel. Date of Birth: 09 June 1877. Rank: Rear-Admiral. Date of Appointment: 15 January 1891.

      Held by: The National Archives - Admiralty, Navy, Royal Marines, and Coastguard
      Date: 15 January 1891
      Reference: ADM 196/90/45
      Subjects: Armed Forces (General Administration) | Navy

      http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/results/r?_q=%22claude+lionel+cumberlege%22
    • Cumberlege, Claude Lionel (1877–1962)

      by R. S. Veale

      This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 8, (MUP), 1981

      Claude Lionel Cumberlege (1877-1962), naval officer, was born on 9 June 1877 at Marylebone, Middlesex, England, son of Lieutenant-Colonel Alexander Bulstrode Cumberlege of the Madras Staff Corps, and his wife Emily Florence, née Broadwood. On 15 January 1891 he entered the Royal Navy's training ship Britannia as a cadet, and in 1893 was posted as a midshipman to H.M.S. Tourmaline on the North American and West Indian Station. Over the next ten years he served with the Channel and Mediterranean fleets and was promoted sub-lieutenant in 1897 and lieutenant in 1899. He held commands in the Mediterranean in 1905-11, was promoted commander in June 1911 and returned to the Home Fleet. In October 1912 he was appointed to the 4th Destroyer Flotilla in command of Lurcher, the navy's fastest destroyer.

      On 7 November 1913 Cumberlege was transferred on loan to the Royal Australian Navy and appointed, in the rank of commander, to H.M.A.S. Warrego which, with the Parramatta and Yarra, constituted the R.A.N.'s first destroyer flotilla, which Cumberlege commanded from December. By temperament and personality he was well suited to destroyer command: he was handsome, unconventional, dashing and breezy, and his courage, initiative and lack of 'frill' inspired respect and affection. He expressed himself in very direct language and his letters and written reports were always precise and succinct.

      When war was declared on 5 August 1914 the destroyer flotilla joined other ships of the Australian Squadron in a search for enemy warships in the Pacific. It was believed that German cruisers were based at Simpson Harbour, New Britain, and as A. W. Jose, the official historian, has written, it was 'in expectation of almost certain battle' that Cumberlege's destroyers slipped into the harbour on the night of 11 August. No warships were found and next day Cumberlege made an armed landing at Rabaul in an attempt to locate the radio station; he then resumed the search for the German Squadron.

      In September his destroyers escorted the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force to German New Guinea. Cumberlege was commended for his services during the capture of the wireless station at Bitapaka on the 11th: when a party sent ashore under Lieutenant R. G. Bowen came under fierce fire, Cumberlege landed a destroyer contingent, pending the arrival of reinforcements from the expeditionary force. In the summer of 1914-15 his flotilla patrolled the New Guinea coasts and surrounding islands and searched the Sepik River for German ships and installations. It left for Sydney in February after work which 'probably more than any other single factor, established British dominance in the huge area of scattered island-groups so recently taken from Germany'.

      In 1915 the flotilla patrolled in eastern Australian waters and in the Timor and Arafura seas, then from November served with the Royal Navy in the Malay Archipelago. Cumberlege was promoted captain (R.A.N.) on 30 June. In January 1916 he was transferred to command the cruiser H.M.A.S. Encounter, which served in home waters. In October he took over the new light cruiser Brisbane, which joined the British Mediterranean Fleet in December, but early in 1917 was recalled to the East Indian Ocean. From October until January 1918 it patrolled in the Gilbert and Solomon Islands and Nauru and then in the Torres Strait.

      Early in 1919 Cumberlege returned to the Royal Navy but in April was appointed to command the battle-cruiser Australia, flagship of the Australian Fleet. It sailed from Portsmouth, England, that month and on 1 June, at Fremantle, Western Australia, a mutiny occurred when Cumberlege refused a request from some of the ship's company to delay her departure by one day. Always imperturbable in a crisis, Cumberlege took firm action and after arrival at Sydney five of the mutineers were court-martialled. The incident caused considerable controversy but Cumberlege retained the Australia until September 1920 when he was appointed to command the Melbourne.

      On 9 May 1922 he returned to the Royal Navy but soon afterwards retired. He was promoted rear admiral on the retired list in 1926. After 1922 he took paid command of a nobleman's steam-yacht which cruised the Mediterranean. He published his reminiscences, Master Mariner, in London in 1936. Little is known of his later life, but he finally made his home on a sailing craft with a shifting postal address from Ostend via Biarritz to Gibraltar and the Mediterranean. He died on 22 November 1962.

      Select Bibliography
      A. W. Jose, The Royal Australian Navy 1914-1918 (Syd, 1928)
      H. J. Feakes, White Ensign—Southern Cross (Syd, 1951)
      Public Administration (Sydney), 29 (1970), no 3
      Sydney Morning Herald, 13 Jan 1916, 17, 25 Apr, 26 Sept, 21 Oct 1919
      Dept of Defence (Navy), MP1049, 1, 15/079, 18/070 (National Archives of Australia)
      personal knowledge.

      Citation details
      R. S. Veale, 'Cumberlege, Claude Lionel (1877–1962)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/cumberlege-claude-lionel-5840/text9923, published first in hardcopy 1981, accessed online 13 October 2016.

      This article was first published in hardcopy in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 8, (MUP), 1981

      http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/cumberlege-claude-lionel-5840
    • See also: http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php/Claude_Lionel_Cumberlege

  • Sources 
    1. [S1167] File (merged): C:\Users\Bob\Documents\Family Historian Projects\Census 1901 England & Wales\Census 1901 England & Wales.fh_data\Census 1901 England & Wales.ged.
      Record originated in...

    2. [S2206] File (merged): C:\Users\Bob\Documents\Family Historian Projects\Census 1881 England & Wales\Census 1881 England & Wales.fh_data\Census 1881 England & Wales.ged.
      Record originated in...

    3. [S1744] File (merged): C:\Users\Bob\Documents\Family Historian Projects\Census 1891 England & Wales\Census 1891 England & Wales.fh_data\Census 1891 England & Wales.ged.
      Record originated in...

    4. [S2451] Births England & Wales 1877 Jun Qtr, Marylebone, Claude Lionel Cumberlege.

    5. [S11482] Baptism St Stephen the Martyr Church, Hampstead, London, England 5 Jul 1877 Claude Lionel Cumberlege, (965).

    6. [S2449] Census 1881 Hampstead, London, England RG11/173/4/p1, (RG11/173/4/p1).

    7. [S11483] London Gazette Claude Lionel Cumberlege promoted to Sub-Lieutenant 15 January 1897.

    8. [S11484] London Gazette Claude Lionel Cumberlege promoted to Lieutenant 30 June 1899.

    9. [S11489] Claude Lionel Cumberlege Connaught Lodge, Gibraltar Freemason 28 Dec 1903.

    10. [S11485] London Gazette Claude Lionel Cumberlege promoted to Commander 22 June 1911.

    11. [S11481] London Gazette Claude Lionel Cumberlege promoted to Captain 30 Jun 1915.

    12. [S11487] London Gazette Claude Lionel Cumberlege retired promoted to Rear Admiral 7 Aug 1926.

    13. [S9685] British War Medal WW1 Claude L Cumberlege.

    14. [S11488] Certificate of Service as MASTER of a Foreign-Going Ship Claude Lionel Cumberlege 11 Feb 1926.

    15. [S6720] The Cumberlege Family at The Oriental Club Stratford Place W.1 Sunday 14th July 1991.

    16. [S11480] GRO CONSULAR DEATH INDICES (1961 to 1965) Claude L Cumberlege, RATJADA.

    17. [S13015] GRO Consular Death Indices 1961-1965 Ratjada Claude L Cumberlege Age: 85 Born: 1876.

    18. [S1989] Census 1891 Southover, Lewes, Sussex, England RG12/798/92/p2, (RG12/798/92/p2).

    19. [S1494] Census 1901 Sheerness, Kent, England RG13/817/36/p1, (RG13/817/36/p1).

    20. [S917] Census 1911 Sunningdale, Surrey, England RG14PN3020 RG78PN106 RD32 SD3 ED6 SN224, (RG14PN3020 RG78PN106 RD32 SD3 ED6 SN224).

    21. [S9423] Baptism St Andrew's Church, Westminster, London, England 29 Nov 1905 Claude Michael Bulstrode Cumberlege, (195).

    22. [S9318] Marriage Old Church, Saint Pancras, London, England 23 Nov 1872 Alexander Bulstrode Cumberlege & Emily Florence Broadwood.

    23. [S2450] Marriages England & Wales 1872 Dec Qtr, Pancras, Alexander Bulstrode Cumberlege & Emily Florence Broadwood.