Cumberbatch Family History

George William Marshall

George William Marshall[1]

Male 1839 - 1905  (66 years)

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  • Name George William Marshall  [1, 2, 3
    Birth 19 Apr 1839  Ward End House, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 4
    Gender Male 
    Baptism 12 Jun 1839  Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Will dated 13 Mar 1852  Tillington, Stafford, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    • Role: Beneficiary
    Residence 1878  60 Onslow Gardens, Chelsea, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Occupation 4 Sep 1883  [7
    Residence 4 Sep 1883  60 Onslow Gardens, Chelsea, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Occupation 1887 
    Rouge Croix Pursuivant of Arms 
    Occupation 1891 
    Justice of the Peace for Herefordshire 
    Residence 1891  Sarnesfield Court, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Occupation 1902 
    High Sheriff of Herefordshire 
    Occupation 1904 
    York Herald 
    Custom Reference Number 0000223 
    Custom Reference Number 
    Death 12 Sep 1905  Holmbush, Barnes, Hammersmith, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Age: 66y 
    Burial 16 Sep 1905  St Mary's Church, Sarnesfield, Herefordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Age: 66y 
    • He died at his London residence, Holmbush, Barnes, on 12 September 1905, and was buried as St. Mary's, Sarnesfield, his tabard as York Herald, with the collar of SS, sword and cap, being placed on his coffin.
    Person ID I223  Cumberbatch
    Last Modified 3 Jul 2022 

    Father George Marshall,   b. Cal 1794, Ward End House, Aston juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 25 Feb 1855, Ward End House, Aston juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 61 years) 
    Mother Eliza Henshaw Comberbach,   b. Est Dec 1799, Eccleshall, Staffordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this locationd. 20 Jul 1883, Ward End House, Aston juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location (Age 83 years) 
    Marriage 24 Jul 1834  Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    Family ID F79  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBirth - 19 Apr 1839 - Ward End House, Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBaptism - 12 Jun 1839 - Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill dated - 13 Mar 1852 - Tillington, Stafford, Staffordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1878 - 60 Onslow Gardens, Chelsea, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 4 Sep 1883 - 60 Onslow Gardens, Chelsea, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - 1891 - Sarnesfield Court, Herefordshire, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDeath - Age: 66y - 12 Sep 1905 - Holmbush, Barnes, Hammersmith, London, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBurial - Age: 66y - 16 Sep 1905 - St Mary's Church, Sarnesfield, Herefordshire, England Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    George William Marshall
    George William Marshall
    Keywords: Picture

  • Notes 

      George William Marshall was the only child of George Marshall, of Ward End House, in the parish of Aston-juxta-Birmingham, Warwickshire, and Eliza Henshaw, his wife, daughter of John Comberbach, of Langley Hall, Salop; and he was born at Ward End House on the 19th April 1839.
      His father and grandfather were both partners in the Birmingham banking house of Spooner and Attwood. The former will be remembered by some numismatists as the author of A View of the Silver Coin and Coinage of Great Britain from the year 1662 to 1837 . . . and Silver Coins struck in Scotland from 1662 to 1707 (London, 1837, 8vo, pp. 152). He formed a considerable collection of coins which were sold at Sotheby's in 1852.

      Having been educated privately and at St. Peter's College, Radley, Marshall entered Magdalen College, Cambridge, in 1858, but migrated to Peter House in the following year. He graduated as a Bachelor of Laws in 1861, subsequently took the degree of LL.M. and became LL.D. in the University of Cambridge in 1874. In 1862 He entered as a student at the Middle Temple, was called to the bar on the 9th June 1865, and practised for a short time on the Oxford Circuit.

      On the 30th May 1872 he was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He was also a Corresponding Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society of Boston, U.S.A., a Member of the Council of the Harleian Society since its foundation, and one of the founders of the Parish Register Society.
      In the year 1887 he was appointed Rouge Croix Pursuivant of Arms, and became York Herald in 1904. He was present officially at the celebration of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, at the Queen's funeral, at the Coronation of the King, at the marriage of the Princess Maud, now Queen of Norway, and at the funeral of Mr. Gladstone.

      In 1891 he was placed in the Commission of the Peace for the County of Hereford, and served as High Sheriff of the same County in 1902, when he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant.

      Marshall was for a number of years much interested in Free¬masonry. He was initiated in the Isaac Newton University Lodge, Cambridge, and raised to the degree of a Master Mason in the same lodge in 1862; joined the Euclid Chapter, Cambridge, in 1866 ; was subsequently Master of St. Michael's Lodge, Tenbury, Worcester¬shire; became a member of the lodge of St. Ambrose, London, in 1891 ; and was Principal of the Bard of Avon Chapter, London, in 1887, as well as a Provincial Officer for Middlesex.

      His interest in genealogy, it is believed, was very early developed; but it was as an undergraduate at Cambridge, with the advantages of the University Library, that he first seriously commenced those genealogical investigations which were, during the rest of his life, to form his chief working interest and hobby. Like most other genealogists, he began by elucidating the history of his own family, and his Miscellanea Marescalliana, which fills 744 closely printed pages, is a record of the most elaborate and exhaustive research ever made and published by one person in regard to the history of any name of average occurrence. Of this work fifty copies were printed for private distribution, but much of the more generally interesting matter which it contains had already been contributed by the author to various genealogical serials.

      The collection of manuscripts formed by Marshall was of con¬siderable extent and, besides many volumes of abstracts of wills, pedigrees and miscellaneous genealogical extracts and notes, chiefly in his own clear handwriting, contains a complete series of the Nottingham Marriage Licenses during a great number of years. All these manuscripts were either given by him to the College of Arms during his lifetime or passed to that corporation under his will. It is fortunate that such important collections will be preserved in so appropriate a resting place; more especially as it is understood that a copious index to them is now being made under the supervision of the Officers of Arms. His extraordinary industry in collecting genealogical materials from a multitude of sources enabled him to communicate to his friends and correspondents many unpublished facts of value, which were most willingly given and always highly appreciated on account of his well known accuracy and the wide extent of his experience. In his work thoroughness and accuracy were almost intuitive and he held laziness and carelessness in contempt. Spare time of even a few minutes duration was generally occupied by him in writing up his manuscript collections, in annotating the Genealogist's Guide, in making some index, or the like, so that a large quantity of purely clerical work was accomplished almost imperceptibly.

      A list of the printed works of York Herald will be found at the end of this memoir, and it is believed that this list is practically a complete one. He was formerly, however, a frequent contributor to The Genealogist, Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, The Reliquary, Notes and Queries, and The East Anglian ; some of his early articles may also be found in the journal of The Anthropological Society and The St. James's Magazine.

      The work by which his name is best known to antiquaries is his Genealogist's Guide, a monument of laborious effort which could only have been performed by a man of indomitable perseverance and industry. In every part of the world where the history of English families excites any interest this book is well known and highly appreciated. It serves the purpose of a ready means of reference to printed pedigrees of three or more generations in all the well known genealogical and topographical works and also in a multitude of out-of-the-way or forgotten books, many of them seemingly not suggestive of genealogical information.
      His extensive experience in examining old wills and his practical knowledge of the places where particular records might be found, enabled him to print his Handbook to the Ancient Courts of Probate, a work which few, if any other among living genealogists could have made so complete, and in which his thoughtfulness and accuracy are apparent.

      In 1877 he founded The Genealogist, wishing to supply a means for the publication of more lengthy genealogical papers than those for which the Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica was intended, and to print from time to time readable communications such as had previously appeared in the Herald and Genealogist. Seven annual volumes of The Genealogist were issued under his editorship and found much favour among students of history.

      He resided at various country houses in different counties before he finally, in the year 1891, bought the Sarnesfield Court estate in Herefordshire, formerly the seat of the, Moningtons and previously that of a family bearing the local name one of whom, Sir Nicholas de Sarnesfield, was a Knight of the Garter and Standard Bearer to King Richard II. His London houses in Onslow Gardens and at Barnes will be agreeably remembered by many of his genealogical friends, who will also recall the pleasure they derived from an examination of his extensive collection of armorial china, his specimens of mediæval armorial glass and, above all, his rich heraldic and genealogical library, all now preserved at Sarnesfield Court.

      In the country, outside his genealogical pursuits, his real interest lay in the, improvement of his property and the welfare of those around him with the result that he left his estate in every way in a greatly improved condition as compared will that in which he found it. He was fond of shooting as an amusement for himself and his friends, and until late years, being a good walker, he found much of the pleasure of his out door life in this pursuit. Those who visited him in the country sometimes joined in excursions to the old churches, for the most part unspoiled by restoration, in which Herefordshire abounds ; excursions usually productive of something in the way of monumental inscriptions and heraldry which could be added to his manuscript collections.

      In politics, Marshall never took a very active interest, but he was a consistent Conservative.

      He died at Holmbush, Barnes, on the 12th September and was buried at Sarnesfield on the 16th September, 1905. The coffin, covered with his family pall, on which was placed the tabard of York Herald, with the collar of SS., sword and cap, being borne by the tenantry and workmen among whom he had lived to its resting place in the family vault. To the little Early English Church of Sarnesfield he was much attached, and one of the improvements, which his regard for it and antiquities in general had long made him determine to perform, was the removal of the objectionable work, inserted during a so-called restoration in 1870, and the true restoration of this interesting building, as nearly as possible, to its original state. This was actually occupying his attention almost up to the time of his death, and it may be hoped that his wishes in this respect will not, long remain unfulfilled.

      He was twice married and leaves issue six sons and two daughters.

      A few words as to the personal characteristics of Marshall, as one of his most intimate friends knew him, may not be out of place.

      Beneath a quiet, somewhat reserved demeanour there was much real character and power of observation, the existence of which might well remain unsuspected by a casual acquaintance. Strong convictions guided his conduct and he was not readily influence by contrary opinions, though always willing to discuss questions fairly. Anything like acrimonious argument, however, he was at pains to avoid. Very pronounced likes and dislikes regulated his communications with his fellow men. For genealogists he had an especial liking, and he derived real pleasure from affording help to bonâ-fide workers. His interest in heraldry and genealogy was to obtain unequivocal facts, to record and make them available for the use of others, and so to arrive, when possible, at the plain truth. He had no "axe to grind." A diligent, worker after truth, he had scant patience with shams, ostentation, carelessness, inaccuracy and laziness, and he could speak quite plainly in condemning these faults; but his really kindly disposition, largely concealed under a quite undemonstrative exterior, led him to perform many friendly acts, and these were usually done with a quiet, rather quaint, diffidence of manner. He greatly appreciated little kindnesses from others and remembered them.
      A cheerful and genial host, blessed with a keen sense of humour, there ran through his conversation a vein of sarcastic jocularity, never unkindly aggressive, and invariably attractive, which lent savour to his remarks. Oftentimes his way of relating stories of some of his heraldic and genealogical experiences would afford amusement that created a lasting impression.

      He regarded heraldry as a serious science and one in which there was hidden interest as well as instruction. "I believe most of the old coats cant," he said, "and if we only knew how and why, they would be a good deal more interesting than they are. We can get at some of the cants, and though they may seem rather farfetched to the average man, we must remember that the power of language is limited in heraldry, and that many words and allusions have been quite obsolete and forgotten for a very long time."

      His loss to the Heralds' College, in which he felt the warmest interest, is undoubtedly great. He was a keen antiquary and yet wishful to move with the times, eminently businesslike-and true in his dealings, endowed with an intuitive power of research and a genius for taking pains, possessing a lawyer's carefulness for accuracy and conciseness, and a gentleman's aversion to whatever seemed to him extravagant or inappropriate. He was, moreover, a courteous acquaintance and a true friend.

      J. P. R. [John Paul Rylands]

      List of Printed Works.

      1. Collections for a Genealogical Account of the family of Comberbach, 1866
      2. A Pedigree of the Descendants of Isaac and Rebecca Marshall, of Perlethorpe, co. Nottingham, 1868 (20 copies only).
      3. Miscellanea Marescalliana, being Genealogical Notes of the Surname of Marshall, 2 vols., 1883, 1888 (50 copies only).
      4. Notes on the Surname of Hall, 1887.
      5. Collections relating to the Surname of Feather, 1887.
      6. Index to the Pedigrees contained in the printed Heralds’ Visitations, etc., 1866.
      7. Catalogue of Pedigrees hitherto un-indexed. 1867 (250 copies).
      8. The Genealogists Guide, 4 editions; 1879, 1885, 1893, 1903.
      9. Handbook to the Ancient Courts of Probate, 2 editions; 1889, 1895.
      10. Parish Registers: a list of those printed, and of which manuscript copies exist in public collections. Printed by the Parish Register Society, 1900; first privately printed 1891, next as a supplement to the third edition of the Genealogists’ Guide.
      11. Appendix to the List of Parish Registers. (Parish Register Society, 1904 vol. 50).
      12. The Visitations of Nottinghamshire, 1569 and 1614; printed by the Harleian Society, 1871.
      13. Le Neve’s Pedigrees of Knights; printed by the Harleian Society, 1873.
      14. The Visitation of Wiltshire, 1623: privately printed 1882.
      15. The Visitation of Northumberland, 1615: privately printed 1878.
      16. The Register of Perlethorpe, Notts, 1887.
      17. The Register of Carburton, Notts, 1888.
      18. The Register of Edwinstow, Notts, 1891.
      19. The Register of Worksop, Notts, 1894.
      20. The Register of Wellow, Notts, 1896.
      21. The Register of Ollerton, Notts, 1896.
      22. The Marriage Register of Peak Forest Chapel, Notts, 1901.
      23. The Register of Sarensfield, Herefordshire, printed by the Parish Register Society, 1898.
      24. The Register of Walesby, Notts, printed by the Parish Register Society, 1898.

      [Source: Genealogist, New Series xxii pp. 198-202]
      Rouge Croix, pat. 6 September, salary from 31 January 1887.
      York, pat. 18 August, salary from 7 January 1904.

      Of Onslow Gardens, Holmbush, Barnes, and Sarnesfield Court, co. Hereford; s. of George Marshall, of Ward End House, Warwickshire; b. there 19 April 1839; educ. Radley, Magdalene College and Peterhouse, Cambridge, LL.B. 1861, LL.D. 1874; Barrister Middle Temple 1865; F.S.A. 1872; Rouge Croix 1887 and later York; High Sheriff co. Hereford 1902, J.P. and D.L.; d. Barnes 12 September 1905, leaving over £200,000; bur'd Sarnesfield.

      A keen and meticulous genealogist; made large collections of wills, pedigrees, registers, church notes and other genealogical material, of which College obtained 32 volumes under his will. As herald great believer in canting armory. Collected armorial china and medieval armorial glass.
      Best known as compiler of the Genealogists' Guide (1879, etc.); founded the Genealogist (1877) and edited first seven volumes; contributed to it, Misc. Gen. & Her., etc. Published Miscellanea Marescalliana (1883, 1888); Handbook to the Ancient Courts of Probate (1889). Edited Le Neve's Pedigrees of Knights (Harl. Soc. 1873), and several Vis'ns and Parish Registers.

      (See also obituary in the Genealogist, xxii, 198, etc.)

      Arms granted 1867: Barry of 6 pieces ermine & azure, a horseshoe or between 3 bezants. Crest: Between 2 wings barry as the shield a bezant charged with a horseshoe azure. Motto: VI MARTALI, DEO ADJUVANTE. As pursuivant sealed with the rouge croix of St George surcharged with a shield of Marshall.

      Monograph [1-16] by Committee for the Survey of the Memorials of Greater London
      Published 1896 [pp.191-192]
    • Marshall’s Grant of Arms was dated 2nd April 1867 to both his descendants and those of his uncle, William Marshall.

      The blazon:
      Arms: Barry of six Ermine and Azure a horseshoe Or between three bezants.
      Crest: A bezant charged with a horseshoe Azure between two wings barry of six ermine and azure.
      Motto: “Vi Martiali”

      Incidentally, the engraving of the bookplate seems identical to that in various editions of Fox-Davies’ Armorial Families. His children & grandchildren are listed in 1929 as:

      1. George Marshall b.1869 m.1898 Constance Marion Baldwin
      1.1. George Humphrey Marshall b.1900
      1.2. Malcolm Thomas Marshall b.1906
      1.3. Christopher Marshall b.1907
      1.4. Contance Alice Marshall

      2. Rev William Marshall b.1875 m.1912 Margaret Anne Burlton
      2.1. Richard Ambrose Marshall b.1920
      2.2. Ethel Margaret Marshall
      2.3. Joan Elizabeth Marshall
      2.4. Physllis Ruth Marshall
      2.5. Josephine Penelope Anne Marshall

      3. Philip Twells Marshall b.1880 m.1911 Dorothy Jean Lawrie
      3.1. Kenneth Philip Marshall b.1912
      3.2. Philippa Marshall

      4. Thomas Marshall b.1882 m.1921 Margery Leacroft

  • Sources 
    1. [S1] George William MARSHALL LL.B., Collections for a Genealogical Account of the Family of COMBERBACH, (Privately published in London 1866) (Reliability: 2).

    2. [S5443] Baptism Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England 12 Jun 1839 George William Marshall.

    3. [S8900] Will of George Marshall dated 8 Jan 1853 and proved 5th Sep 1855 with codicil.

    4. [S329] Deaths England & Wales 1905 Sep Richmond South, Marshall George William.

    5. [S13168] Will of Sarah Henshaw Comberbach dated 13 Mar 1852 and proved 26 Oct 1852.

    6. [S5529] Will of Penelope Ann Henshaw Comberbach proved 13 May 1878.

    7. [S8899] Will of Eliza Henshaw Marshall proved 4 Sep 1883.

    8. [S5444] Marriage Aston Juxta Birmingham, Warwickshire, England 24 Jul 1834 George Marshall & Eliza Henshaw COMBERBACH.